Diagnosis is based on the presence of comedones (pimples) and lesions at various stages of development. Left untreated, it can lead to both scarring and abnormal pigmentation.
It can be caused or exacerbated by elevated androgen levels. Androgen disturbances should be suspected when female adolescents have severe acne or when it persists into adult years, particularly when accompanied by other androgen-related effects such as hirsutism, infertility and weight problems.
If you have acne, hirsutism, or hair loss, these tests would be helpful in diagnosing the cause of your problems: serum levels of testosterone, DHEAS, LH, FSH, prolactin, cholesterol, triglycerides, and thyroid hormones. A two-hour glucose tolerance test with accompanying insulin levels should also be done.
Many PCOS women will have abnormal levels of one or more of these tests, although normal values do not rule out a diagnosis. Once your hormone imbalances are identified, the appropriate treatment can be recommended.
Remember that the consumption of oily or fatty foods does not cause acne, nor will it make it worse. No studies – scientific or otherwise – have ever linked the two. Many bodybuilders also believe that tanning beds keep acne under control by “drying” the skin, but this is not the case. A tanning bed actually saps moisture from your skin and leaves the oils behind, and over time, tanning can cause skin cancer. Finally, using antibacterial soap to wash your skin can cause certain strains of bacteria to become resistant to the anti-bacterial agent, which can have a significant impact on your health.
Treatment should be sought immediately in order to avoid hospitalization. If not treated, hospitalization for an extended period of time (usually two weeks) is likely. During hospitalization, the patient is tested for signs of system degradation, especially of the skeletal structure and the digestive tract. By this time open sores will develop on the upper torso. Some will be the size of dimes, others will be large enough to stick a couple fingers into. They will crust up, causing cohesion to any fabric the sores touch, which is extremely painful to remove. It is recommended to sleep on one's sides until the cystic condition subsides, in order to avoid any uncomfortable situations. Debridement and steroid therapy is preferred over antibiotics .  Recurrent AF is extremely rare. Bone lesions typically resolve with treatment, but residual radiographic changes, such as sclerosis and hyperostosis, may remain. Scarring and fibrosis may result from this acute inflammatory process.