There is growing evidence that chronic hyperprolactinemia from antipsychotics can cause osteoporosis and an increased risk of hip fracture. A recent case-control analysis of a large general practice database in the United Kingdom showed that the risk of hip fracture was times higher in patients taking prolactin-raising antipsychotics compared with the general population. 20 Physicians should routinely inquire about symptoms that might reflect hyperprolactinemia in patients taking prolactin-raising antipsychotics and, if present, measure the serum prolactin level. Presence of osteoporosis, sexual side effects, or prolactin-dependent breast cancer may necessitate switching to an antipsychotic that does not raise prolactin levels, such as aripiprazole (Abilify) or quetiapine. 21
Matter is made up of tiny chemical building blocks called elements. Although dozens of elements exist, each one is distinct due to the protons it contains. Sometimes, an element can exist in more than one stable form if it has more or less neutrons. When this occurs, the elements are called isotopes. The element carbon exists in two stable isotopes, carbon-12 (6 protons and 6 neutrons) and carbon-13 (6 protons and 7 neutrons). Because essential oils are organic compounds, they are composed primarily of carbon atoms and will have a certain ratio of carbon-12 to carbon-13 isotopes. This ratio varies based on location around the world.
I’m always stunned when I see major national retail chains with products that list enzymes only in milligrams (mg) as this truly doesn’t tell the buyer anything about the potency of the enzymes, but metric weight is all that is legally required by the FDA for enzyme supplements. So, when you are selecting an enzyme product, you want to be sure to choose one that lists more than just the mg. and also compare the units of activity to the price. One product may have a higher price, but when you truly compare the activity units you may need to take 3 or 4 capsules of one product to equal the enzyme activity in 1 capsule of a competitor product.