Infectious mononucleosis steroids

Since mono is spread from person to person, avoiding close personal contact with infected individuals and practicing excellent hygienic practices can help prevent transmission of the virus. This includes avoiding sharing contaminated utensils like toothbrushes and drinking glasses. However, since periodic reactivations of the virus infection seem to occur in healthy individuals and because many infected people who may transmit the virus to others will not have symptoms of the condition, prevention is extremely difficult. In fact, these individuals without symptoms are believed to be the primary source of transmission of the virus. The fact that up to 95% of adults have antibodies to EBV suggests that prevention of the infection is difficult if not impossible. It is not known why some people develop the symptoms of mono while others appear to acquire the EBV infection without having symptoms. It is possible that many infections occur and produce mild symptoms and are not recognized as mono, while other infections may not produce symptoms at all.

Paracetamol (acetaminophen) and NSAIDs , such as ibuprofen , may be used to reduce fever and pain. Prednisone , a corticosteroid , while used to try to reduce throat pain or enlarged tonsils , remains controversial due to the lack of evidence that it is effective and the potential for side effects. [42] [43] Intravenous corticosteroids , usually hydrocortisone or dexamethasone , are not recommended for routine use but may be useful if there is a risk of airway obstruction, a very low platelet count , or hemolytic anemia . [44] [45]

There is no cure for mono. Antibiotics (an-ty-by-OT-iks), drugs that work against diseases caused by bacteria * , do not work against EBV. Rest is the only real treatment. In addition, drinking plenty of fluids can help relieve fever and a sore throat. Taking over-the-counter painkillers such as acetaminophen (a-set-a-MEE-no-fen) or ibuprofen (i-bu-PRO-fun), sucking on throat lozenges, or gargling several times a day with warm salt water may also help. The good news is that, even with no other treatment, the disease will almost always go away by itself, usually in 1 to 3 weeks. For some, however, it may take 2 to 3 months to feel totally back to normal.

Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world.  The Merck Manual was first published in 1899 as a service to the community.  The legacy of this great resource continues as the Merck Manual in the US and Canada and the MSD Manual outside of North America.   Learn more about our commitment to Global Medical Knowledge.

Infectious mononucleosis steroids

infectious mononucleosis steroids

Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world.  The Merck Manual was first published in 1899 as a service to the community.  The legacy of this great resource continues as the Merck Manual in the US and Canada and the MSD Manual outside of North America.   Learn more about our commitment to Global Medical Knowledge.

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