Aims: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common compression neuropathy of the median nerve at the wrist. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical and electrophysiological efficacy of phonophoresis in comparison to local corticostreoid injections in patients with moderate CTS.
Material and methods: 36 patients were recruited in this prospective clinical study. The patients were randomized in two groups. In group-A, the patients were treated with corticosteroid phonophoresis for 10 min/3 times a week for three weeks. In group-B, the patients were treated with local betametazone injections at the carpal tunnel. All of the patients in the groups were given night splints in neutral position. Boston Symptom Severity Scale (BSSS) was used to evaluate the symptoms of the patients. Grip strength was detected by Jamar hand dynamometer and a pinchmeter was used to measure lateral, palmar and tip pinch strength. The patients were evaluated before treatment and at the 3rd months.
Results: The BSSS scores improved in each group in comparison to 3rd month results (p