The treatment of thrombocytosis depends solely on the cause. First of all, doctors advise blood smear test and routine blood tests so as to examine the count of platelets and their structure. Doing a bone marrow aspiration or biopsy and genetic testing is generally recommended. The treatment is concentrated towards treating the underlying cause that has caused the abnormal production of platelets. In case of enhanced viscosity of blood, the doctor may advise blood thinning medicines. If the disorder is from the bone marrow then drugs will be recommended to control and cure this disorder so that overproduction is checked and the platelet count comes back to normal.
In rare cases, a person may be diagnosed with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, a disease that causes small blood clots to occur randomly within the body, as reported by Mayo Clinic. Patients who suffer from hemolytic uremic syndrome, military tuberculosis or a viral infection are also subject to low platelet levels, according to WebMD. In addition, patients who take chemotherapy medications or participate in radiation therapies are known to be diagnosed with thrombocytopenia. Blood cancer, bone marrow issues and vitamin B-12 deficiency can also cause low platelet counts.